Essays on history of science and technology


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In the United States, it shapes policies for visas, export controls, and nuclear weapons proliferation; in Algeria, it enhances the production of oranges by colonial settlers; in Vietnam, it facilitates the exploitation of a river delta.

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In India it transforms modes of agricultural production. It implants American values in Latin America. By concentrating on the conditions that allow for knowledge movement, these essays explore travel and exchange in face-to-face encounters and show how border-crossings mobilize extensive bureaucratic technologies. Table of Contents. Instead, it seeks to develop a nuanced and sophisticated account of how geopolitical forces including nation-states shaped the production, transmission, and reception of scientific knowledge.

The volume begins with a detailed analytical introduction that sets out the motivating methodological agenda and closes with a brief afterword that situates it in the current political moment. The essays in between—which are tightly edited, accessible, and largely well written—offer a broad picture of 20th-century science from the perspective of the intellectual ties that bound its scientific communities together. The book presumes some familiarity with major issues in the history of science and technology, but constitutes an invaluable, agenda-setting resource for anyone with an interest in these subjects.

Highly recommended. Instead, [Krige] takes knowledge as its central object, with the goal of unraveling the relationships among people, ideas, and things that arise when they cross national borders. While especially and unreservedly recommended for college and university library collections, it should be noted for the personal reading lists of students, academia, governmental policy makers, and non-specialist general readers.

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Jessica Wang, University of British Columbia. Women occupy different positions in these spheres and professions in the spheres mentioned above are mostly considered to be female ones.


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Big percentage of women work in the medical industry, as well. In the developing countries women are also often involved in agricultural sphere and take part in the production of food, selling it and farming. In addition, most of women have additional burden, such as home work and care about the members of the family. The gender lens would be an essential contribution to the development of STI sphere and would enable people to meet the global changes.

For example, in Latin America and the Caribbean, 46 percent of researchers are female and Argentina, Cuba, Brazil, Paraguay and Venezuela have achieved gender parity. In Asia, women constitute only 18 percent of researchers overall. India and Japan have 13 percent female researchers and South Korea has 15 percent. These results show that gender inequality still exists in this sphere and it is necessary to pay scrupulous attention to this problem.

The Baltic countries show the best results in this sphere.

Short Essay on Science and Technology for School Children - High School

Among such countries are Lithuania The experience of these countries can become a valuable help for other countries which want to establish gender equality in the sphere of science and technology. The history shows a lot of examples of great input made by women to the development of STI. It is hard to overestimate the role of women in the development of different sphere.

Scientific and industrial field, as well as other technological industries are influenced and dominated by men.


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Despite the fact that there are women who have played an important role in the development of STI industry, their names are rarely mentioned. For example, Ada Byron King, the daughter of the famous Lord Byron, became the first computer programmer. She also was a prominent mathematician.

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Unfortunately, her name is rarely mentioned in the history of the development of the computer industry and when people speak about this sphere they remember the names of famous male specialists. Hypatia, a Egyptian mathematician who lived in s made great contribution to the development of science. Maria Gaetana Agnesi made a great contribution to the science by her work in differential calculus in s. Sofia Kovalevskaya worked in s in Russia. Her contribution to the development of astronomy and mathematics is hard to overestimate. From recent history, it is worth to mention Grace Hopper, a PhD in mathematics.

She became one of leaders on the field of software development and made a great contribution to the development of new programming techniques. Grace Hopper became the first to recognize possible profits people could have from the use of computers and she did a lot to put her ideas into practice. She realized that making the computers easier in use would increase their popularity among ordinary people.

In this way she made her contribution to the computer revolution and made computers more available. It also demonstrates the way female brain works.

In contrast to men, who think about complicated schemas and complex technologies, women take into account the sphere of application and use technology more available for people. Want another example?

Here is an article from The Guardian: " More than just luck: the science behind Tom Brady's preposterous longevity. When it comes to writing about the importance of science and technology in our daily life, all it takes is a good look around you. We are surrounded by marvelous inventions that we are used to. Want a short list of those? Voice-commanded robot wheelchair that will bring you to any location stored in its memory 2.

Mobile video communication from any mountaintop a rather useful technique for reporters 3. Increasingly powerful 3-D computer chips 4. Computers that can determine your age just by looking at your face 5. Innovative technologies in Antarctica that are speeding up polar research. There will always be some new topics to discuss in science and technology essays. You just need to pick out the most exciting ones! So, good luck! As you can see, even simple essays about technology cover a wide variety of topics.

After all, the STEM field encompasses multiple disciplines: environmental research, neurobiology, astrophysics, robotics, computer science, and much more. And all of these have a profound influence on our society. Neurobiology poses difficult questions like: does each brain hemisphere have the potential for developing its separate consciousness? This raises a lot of ethical issues. The interdisciplinary nature of STS is the reason why this kind of thematic essay has some particularly high requirements. You have to follow all the rules of writing a typical English essay and be very careful when choosing reliable studies and relevant scientific facts.

Our fascination with what lies beyond the sky is reflected in the abundance of space sci-fi fiction.

RESTS: Reflection on Science Technology and Society

Probably, even primitive men had a yearning for more knowledge of the sky, stars, sun, outer space planets, the universe, and all the other sky objects. With the development of science and some primal technologies, people started to think of being closer to the sky. Finally, people managed to create the first satellite, the first spaceship. We managed to arrange the first space trip and step on the moon.

Space studies are becoming more significant to the humanity. Your essay on space exploration can be devoted to the very beginning of this era. You can tell about actual space studies that began at the end of the 19th century and were developing over the years into what we have now. Here is the list of space exploration essay topics:. In such work, you may describe the first projects of the spaceships as well as write about the most up-to-date technologies in the sphere of space traveling and exploration. Space exploration essays can also be devoted to one of the most progressive periods of space exploration — the period of the Cold War.

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